National Intellectual Capital NIC as Economic Driver

General help items


Content



Short background and introduction
Data available in each graph and page
How to select data into graph
How to read and use graphs
Tips and comments on How to use




Close help window

Short background and introduction
SAIKA and ELSS NIC models
National intellectual capital NIC
ELSS reseach and development team:
Leif Edvinsson - Carol Lin
Pirjo Ståhle - Sten Ståhle
NIC structured database 2012
National intellectual capital NIC indicators
Denoting NIC indicator classes
National human capital NHC
National market capital NMC
National process capital NPC
National renewal capital NRC
National financial capital
National total factor productivity
Data sources 2012
Countries in database
Advanced database 2012
Notes on database
Last updates
Back to general content list
Close help window

Data available in each graph and page
NIC Main: NIC 2001 - 2011 NIC Main: NIC 2001 - 2011
Back to general content list
Close help window

How to select data into graph
Select data into NIC 2001 - 2011 map
Back to general content list
Close help window

How to read and use graphs
Work with NIC 2001 - 2011 maps
Work with Motion charts
Back to general content list
Close help window

Tips and comments on How to use
Using and analysing NIC 2001 - 2011 maps
Back to general content list
Close help window


Background and introduction


SAIKA and ELSS / Short background

The main framework for measuring the impact of national intellectual capital (NIC) on GDP formation and GDP annual growth was developed within SAIKA project ( Intellectual Capital as a Driver of National Economy) in Finland Futures Research Centre at University of Turku, and funded by the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation (TEKES) during 2010-2011.
The head of the project was Professor Pirjo Ståhle and the head researcher was Chief analyst Sten Ståhle.

Pirjo Ståhle

Professor at Aalto university, Helsinki, Finland and Professor at Futures Research Centre at University of Turku, Finland. Professor Pirjo Ståhle is often mentioned as a pioneer of Knowledge Management and Intellectual Capital in Finland: She was the country's first-ever Chief Knowledge Officer (Sonera 1998-2001), first Professor of Knowledge Management (Lappeenranta University of Technology 2001-2007), and her book on Knowledge Management (together with M. Grönroos) was the first Finnish book on this subject. Professor Ståhle is a board member of the New Club of Paris, an international forum dedicated to knowledge society issues.

Back to item list
Sten Ståhle

Chief analyst at Business Information Analysis and Consulting, BIMAC, Helsinki, Finland. Sten Ståhle is a prominent researcher studying and modeling the impact of intellectual capital on economic performance and competitiveness. Main focus areas are the measuring of intellectual capital efficiency and determining the underlying inter dependencies of various intellectal capital components. Since mid 90�s he has been coworker in several publications (e.g. Towards measures of national intellectual capital: an analysis of the CHS model, 2012, Value Added Intellectual Coefficient (VAIC): A critical analysis, 2011, National Intellectual Capital as an Economic Driver: Perspectives on Identification and Measurement, 2008, Intellectual Capital and National Competitiveness: Conceptual and Methodological Challenges, 2006) and several projects (e.g. Educational Intelligence System EIS, 2006). Currently he is continuing working within the SAIKA project studying and modeling impacts of national intellectual capital on economic growth.

Back to item list

NIC drivers/indexes / Short background

NIC indexes are modified from the work by Leif Edvinsson and Carol Lin.
Visit www.nic40.org for more information about the work (2011). National Intellectual Capital: A Comparison of 40 Countries

Leif Edvinsson

Professor of Intellectual Capital, University of Lund, Sweden. Leif Edvinsson is a leading expert on Intellectual Capital, IC. He was the worlds first corporate director of Intellectual Capital at Skandia in Stockholm, Sweden. He has been a key contributor to the theory of IC and oversaw the creation of the world�s first corporate Intellectual Capital Annual Report."

Back to item list
Carol, Yeh-Yun Lin

Distinguished professor and researcher in Intellectual Capital, IC, Department of Business Administration at National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan & Taiwan Intellectual Capital Research Center (TICRC).

Back to item list

Shortly about NIC drivers/indexes

The database focuses on (analysing) impact of NIC and demographic structures on social change and economic growth.
Database 2011/12, covering 2001 - 2011, 48 countries (see countries below) and consisting of 2+48 main variables (see data list) is structured into nine (9) distinct data sets:
  1. Economic and geographic region(s) to which country belong (2)
  2. Region by developmental stage(s) of country (2)
  3. National intellectual capital NIC composite index values (1+4)
  4. NIC impact on GDP formation as share of GDP (2+1+4+48)
  5. NIC impact on GDP growth as share, fraction of GDP % growth (2+1+4+48)
  6. Economic performace measures and basic tangible economic drivers affecting economic performance (4+4+20)
  7. Natural resources and excess finacial comparative advantages (RCA) affecting economic performance (4+1)
  8. Infrastructural and economic structures which affect economic performance (3+4)
  9. Demographics affecting NIC impact in GDP formation and growth (5)
Note: Database 2011/12 is continually updated (last update) and subject to changes. Full list of data (data list).
Back to item list

Data sources 2012

Used Economic and demographic data:
Back to item list

Countries in database 2011/12

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China Mainland, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, United Kingdom, USA and Venezuela.
Back to item list

Data and variables in database 2011/12

1. Countries 1 - 48.

2. General list of data and variables in data base.

2.0. Year and Dummy
YEAR
Year 2001 to 2011
LINE 01 (Dummy for NO SIZE OF BUBBLE, can not be selected / chosen)
2.1. Economic and Geographic regions
1a,b Economic region, EREGION
1c,d Geographic region, GREGION
Back to item list
2.2. Developmental stage
2a Developmental stage as 1) Developed, 2) Transitional and 3) Developing, ESTAGES3
2b Developmental stage as 1) Highly developed, 2) Developed, 3) Transitional, 4) Further developing and 5) Developing, ESTAGES5
Back to item list
All data 2.3. - 9. cover years 2001 - 2011. Monetary values are PPP adjusted and in US$.

2.3.0.1.1-48. National intellectual capital NIC basic index values 2.3.0.2.1-12. National financial capital NFC basic index values
3a Overall National intellectual capital index values, NIC, NICg (growth %)
3b National human capital index values, HC, HCp (as % of NIC) and HCg (growth %)
3c National market capital index values, MC, MCp (as % of NIC) and MCg (growth %)
3d National process capital indexvalue, PC, PCp (as % of NIC) and PCg (growth %)
3e National renewal capital, RC, RCp (as % of NIC) and RCg (growth %)
Back to item list
2.4. Impact of NIC on GDP as share of GDP formation (%)
4a Impact of Global markets development and access to general TFP enhancers, MTFP and MTFPp (as % of GDP)
4b Impact of Domestic markets development and access to embedded TFP, DTFPp (as % of GDP)
4c Total impact of national intellectual capital on GDP, NICIp and NICIg (growth %)
4d Impact of national human capital on GDP, HCIp (as % of GDP) and HCIg (growth %)
4e Impact of national market capital on GDP, MCIp (as % of GDP) and MCIg (growth %)
4f Impact of national process capital on GDP, PCIp (as % of GDP) and PCIg (growth %)
4g Impact of national renewal capital on GDP, RCIp (as % of GDP) and RCIg (growth %)
Back to item list
2.5. Impact of NIC on GDP (annual) growth as share (fraction) of total GDP growth
5a Share in GDP growth of Global markets development and access to general TFP enhancers, MTFPg
5b Share in GDP growth of Domestic markets development and access to embedded TFP, DTFPg
5c Share in GDP growth of overall national intellectual capital, NICG and NICGg (growth %)
5d Share in GDP growth of national human capital, HCG and HCGg (growth %)
5e Share in GDP growth of national market capital , MCG and MCGg (growth %)
5f Share in GDP growth of national process capital , PCG and PCGg (growth %)
5g Share in GDP growth of national renewal capital, RCG and RCGg (growth %)
Back to item list
2.6. Economic performance and basic tangible economic drivers
6a Gross Domestic Production, GDP(PPP)
6b Gross fixed capital formation, CAP, CAPp (as % of GDP), CAPg (growth %) or CAPa (a=adjusted by natural etc. enhancers)
6c Gross governmental debt, DEBT, DEBTp (as % of GDP), DEBTg (growth %) or DEBTa (adjusted)
6d Total FTE workforce, EMP, EMPp (as % of POP) or EMPg (growth %)
6e GDP/EMP or GDP/EMPg (growth %)
6f GDP/CAP or GDP/CAPg (growth %)
6g CAP/EMP or CAP/EMPg (growth %)
6h DEBT/CAP or DEBT/CAPg (growth %)
Back to item list
2.7. Natural recources and excess competitive financial advantages RCA enhancing GDP and GDP growth
7a Minerals, oil and fuels, export balance as % of GDP, OILb, and import + export as % of 2xGDP, OILt
7b Iron, steel and chemicals, export balance as % of GDP, IRONb, and import + export as % of 2xGDP, IRONt
7c Financial services, export balance as % of GDP, FINANCEb, and import + export as % of 2xGDP, FINANCEt
7d Labour cost, LABOURW and LABOURWg (growth %) 7e OTHERS (country specific, notes provided when used)
Back to item list
2.8. Infrastructural and economic structures which - via aggregation - affect economic performance adjustments
Data 8a - 8c may be expressed as share of population POP, employment EMP or GDP formation.
Data 8d - 8g may be expressed as share of employment EMP or GDP formation.

8a Inhabitants living in metropol areas as % of population, METROPOPp and METROPOPg (growth %)
8b Inhabitants living in urban areas (exl. metropols) as % of population, URBANPOPp and URBANPOPg (growth %)
8c Inhabitants living in rural areas as % of population, RURALPOPp and RURALPOPg (growth %)
8d Employment in public sector, PUBEMP, PUBEMPp (as % of EMP) or PUBEMPg (growth %)
8e Employment in private service sector, PRIVSERVEMP, PRIVSERVEMPp (as % of EMP) or PRIVSERVEMPg (growth %)
8f Employment in industry sector, INDEMP, INDEMPp (as % of EMP) or INDEMPg (growth %)
8g Employment in agriculture sector, AGRIEMP, AGRIEMPp (as % of EMP) or AGRIEMPg (growth %)
Back to item list
2.9. Demographics
9a Population, POP, POPg (growth %), POP15 (population in cohort <15), POP15p (population in cohort <15 as % of POP) and POP15pg (gowth %). Cohort >65 (or other) alike (e.g. effective entry-age in labor and effective entry-age in retirement).
9b Dependency ratio (%), DEPENDENCYp and DEPENDENCYg (growth %)
9c GDP/POP and GDP/POPg (growth %)
9d CAP/POP and CAP/POPg (growth %)
9e DEBT/POP and DEBT/POPg (growth %)
Back to item list

NOTE1: The "nominal", "p" and "g" optionality significantly increases data items.
NOTE2: This list does not contain the specific NIC indicators for Financial capital, HC, MC, PC and RC.

Back to item list

NIC National intellectual capital NIC indicators and variables

About detoting NIC classes
National human capital NHC
National market capital NMC
National process capital NPC
National renewal capital NRC
National financial capital
National total factor productivity
Back to background and introduction

Denoting different NIC classes

Each indicator/driver is denoted by a prefix n, c, d or e.
Indicator prefix n: Indicator prefix c: Indicator prefix d: Indicator prefix e:
Back to item list

NIC National human capital NHC indicators

NHC1. Skilled labor*
NHC2. Employee training*
NHC3. Secondary education up enrollment
NHC4. Pupil-teacher ratio
NHC5. Public expenditure on education
NHC6. 15-64 years old population
NHC7. Qualified engineers*
NHC8. Students PISA performance
NHC9. Human Development Index
NHC10. Gender equality
NHC11. Years of education
NHC12. R&D researchers
Back to item list

NIC National market capital NMC indicators

NMC1. Corporate tax encouragement*
NMC2. Cross border venture*
NMC3. Openness of culture*
NMC4. Transparency of government policies*
NMC5. Image of your country*
NMC6. Capital availability*
NMC7. Trade to GDP ratio (exports + imports)
NMC8. Current account balance %GDP
NMC9. Investment flows %GDP
NMC10. Country credit rating
NMC11. Investment risk
NMC12. Globalization index
Back to item list

NIC National process capital NPC indicators

NPC1. Business competition environment*
NPC2. Government efficiency*
NPC3. Computer per capita + Mobile subscribers
NPC4. Internet subscribers + Broadband subscribers
NPC5. Convenience of establishing new firms + start up days*
NPC6. Goods & services distribution efficiency*
NPC7. Overall productivity
NPC8. Unemployment % + Youth unemployment %
NPC9. Consumer price inflation
NPC10. Health & environment
NPC11. Corruption
NPC12. Freedom of speech
Back to item list

NIC National renewal capital NRC indicators

NRC1. Business R&D spending
NRC2. Basic research*
NRC3. R&D spending/GDP
NRC4. R&D US$ per capita
NRC5. IP right protection*
NRC6. Utility Patents/ R&D expenditure
NRC7. Cooperation between corporations and university*
NRC8. Scientific articles
NRC9. Patents per capita (USTPO+EPO)
NRC10. Entrepreneurship*
NRC11. Development & application of technology*
NRC12. Venture capital*
Back to item list

NIC National financial capital NFC variables

NFC1. GDP per capita at PPP
NFC2. Government surplus/deficit % of GDP
NFC3. Real government debt % growth rate
NFC4. Foreign Debt % of GDP (government and business)
NFC5. US$ currency exchange rate (or weighted US$ & Euro)
NFC6. Long term interest rate
NFC7. Effective country govt long term debt interest rate
NFC8. Gross fixed capital formation per capita
NFC9. Stock market capital formation as % of GDP
NFC10. FDI inwards % of GDP
NFC11. FDI outwards % of GDP
NFC12. Value of special natural and financial resources /services (export - import as % of GDP)
Back to item list

National total factor productivity NTFP variables

NTFP1. GDP at PPP (nominal)
NTFP2. Labor force L (nominal)
NTFP3. 1. Gross fixed capital formation K (nominal)
NTFP3. 2. Gross (intangible) investment capital formation N (nominal)
NTFP4. Working hours per year (nominal)
NTFP5. Total wages / compensations (nominal)
NTFP6. Compensation per hour w (nominal)
NTFP7. National debt (nominal)
NTFP8. FDI inwards (nominal)
NTFP9. FDI outwards (nominal)
NTFP10. 1-3. Sectoral breakdown % of GDP (part of EMS estimates)
NTFP11. 1-3. Population demographic structure (Urban-Rural)
NTFP12. Energy consumption TOE (part of EMS estimates)
NTFP13. Energy intensity as MTOE/GDP (part of EMS estimates)
NTFP14. Key Natural Resources (nominal)
NTFP15. Key Financial services (nominal, part of EMS estimates)
Back to item list

Last UpDates
Data: Oct 2012
Site: Oct 2012
Back to Background and introduction


Data available in each graph and page


Data in world map NIC 2001 - 2011
Selector 1: NIC indexes and impact on GDP
Selector 2: Wealth and productivity in the world
Selector 3: Years 2001 - 2011
Back to Data available in each graph and page
Close help window

Selector 1: NIC indexes and impact on GDP

1.1. National IC, NIC index values
Overall national IC, NIC
National human capital, NHC
National market capital, NMC
National process capital, NPC
National renewal capital, NRC
NOTE: Index values are 1) normalized, 2) capitalized and 3) economic and demographic country specifics are accounted for

Back to item list

1.2. NIC percentage shares in GDP formation
Overall NIC share in GDP(PPP) formation
Human capital HC share in GDP(PPP) formation
Market capital MC share in GDP(PPP) formation
Process capital PC share in GDP(PPP) formation
Renewal capital RC share in GDP(PPP) formation
Global and domestic markets and TFP
Global markets and general TFP, MTFP
Domestic markets and country TFP, DTFP
NOTE: In calculations annual GDP is the sum of its components, e.g. we calculate
  • GDP = TFP + NIC
  • TFP = MTFP + DTFP contains direct TFP and effects of global and domestic markets M/D, capital K, investments N and labor L
  • NIC = NHC + NMC + NPC + NRC contain effects of human, market, process and renewal (innovation) capital, e.g. national IC
  • Back to item list

    1.3. NIC percentage fractions of GDP annual growth
    GDP(PPP) real growth (%)
    Overall NIC share/fraction in GDP annual growth
    MTFP+DTFP share/fraction in GDP annual growth
    MTFP share/fraction in GDP annual growth
    DTFP share/fraction in GDP annual growth
    NOTE: In calculations annual GDP (percentage) growth is the sum of its components, e.g. we calculate
  • GDP annual growth = MTFP growth + DTFP growth + NIC growth
  • Back to item list

    1. Used abbreviations:
    GDP: Gross Domestic Product
    PPP: Purching Power Parity (adjusted)
    TFP: Total Factor Productivity
    MTFP: Global markets and that part of TFP affecting the economy via global markets and globalization
    DTFP: Domestic markets and that part of TFP affecting the economy via domestic markets and domestic (TFP) specifics
    Back to item list


    Selector 2: Wealth and productivity

    2.1. National wealth and productivity
    Wealth: GDP(PPP) per capita
    Productivity: GDP(PPP) per employer
    NOTE: GDP per capita is a general measure for wealth and prosperity of a nation. Productivity on the other hand is measured by GDP per employer.

    Back to item list


    Selector 3: Year 2001 - 2011

    2.1. Year
    Year 2001 - 2011
    NOTE: Data is shown for selected year
    NOTE: Data for 2011 should be viewed with some care as basic data in some cases are still based on estimates, e.g. national statistics for 2011 are still lagging behind

    Back to item list

    Back to Data available in each graph and page
    Close help window


    How to select data into graph


    NIC Main: NIC 2001 - 2011 map
    Select data for NIC 2001 -2011 world map
    Back to How to select data into graph
    Close help window

    Select data for NIC 2001 -2011 world map
  • Open scrollbar by selecting right/arrow/down
  • Select NIC index/variable or year by moving cursor on index/variable or year
  • Selection is colored blue (try select above)
  • Left click on Your mouse
  • Thats it
  • NOTE: The map will be updated after each selection
    NOTE: Be patient: Updating map may take some time

    Back to item list

    Back to How to select data into graph
    Close help window


    How to read and use graphs


    NIC Main: Work with NIC 2001 - 2011 maps
    NIC Main: Using NIC 2001 -2011 world maps
    Working with Motion charts
    Back to How to read and use graphs
    Close help window

    NIC Main: Using NIC 2001 -2011 world maps
  • Put cursor on country to see country details
  • To see Europe: Zoom UP: Left click below map
  • To zoom BACK: Left click below map
  • Back to item list


    Working with Motion charts
    How to use the Data Explorer

    Every bubble represent a country (put cursor on bubble to view details)

    Country labels Running through data for 2001 - 2011 Using coloring options Bubble size Country selection and tracking year-to-year changes Select variables Analysing single variables time series and ranking / sorting by variable Zoom in Back to item list


    Back to How to read and use graphs
    Close help window


    Tips and comments on How to use


    NIC Main: Hints for NIC 2001 - 2011 maps
    NIC Main: Using NIC 2001 -2011 world maps
    Back to How to read and use graphs
    Close help window

    NIC Main: Using NIC 2001 -2011 world maps
  • Maps are suited for fast overviews
  • To see Europe: Zoom UP: Left click below map
  • To zoom BACK: Left click below map
  • Back to item list

    Back to Tips and comments on How to use
    Close help window





    Play it again Sam

    If You have suggestions or feel any important issue is missing mail bimac@bimac.fi




    General help items

    National Intellectual Capital NIC as Economic Driver